Biotin is member of the B-vitamin family and a co-enzyme for several metabolic pathways, including the growth of healthy skin and coat due to its role in collagen formation. Clinical studies have shown positive results in dogs that exhibited symptoms such as dull coat, brittle hair, loss of hair, scaly skin, or dermatitis.
Choline is a water-soluble essential nutrient that is usually grouped within the B-complex vitamins. Choline is a basic constituent of lecithin and is important as a precursor of acetylcholine, as a methyl donor in various metabolic processes and in lipid metabolism.
Enzymatic Hydrolyzed Casein
A mixture of related phosphoproteins that is recognized as one of the most nutritive group of proteins, containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones. The digestive proteins of the casein family goes through a process where amino acid bonds are broken, resulting in short-chained proteins that are easily digestible.
Folic acid, also known as vitamin B9, is one of the families of eight water-soluble B-complex vitamins. Like all the B vitamins, it plays a role in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins into glucose that the body burns for energy. Folic acid helps the body to make RNA and DNA, the body’s genetic material that contains all the code for new cells.
Inositol is a member of the B vitamin family that helps with the formation of cell membranes, nerve transmission and transportation of fats. Sometimes called Vitamin B8, Inositol functions closely with choline as one of the primary components of cell membranes. Like choline, it is a lipotropic agent or fat emulsifier, and helps metabolize fat and cholesterol by breaking down fats into smaller particles that are easier to remove, reducing fatty build-up in the body organs. Inositol is also essential for hair growth and is instrumental in maintaining healthy skin.
L-cysteine is a non-essential amino acid and can be made in the body from L-methionine and L-serine. L-cysteine is a sulfur-containing amino acid, and contributes to protein structure through the cross-linking that occurs between the sulfur components. L-cysteine is an important structural component of hair; the growth and health of hair depends on an adequate L-cysteine intake. Also, L-cysteine is also necessary for the production of co-enzyme A - a vital enzyme in energy production from food.
Methionine is a sulfur-based amino acid that is important for the proper utilization of lipids and building the sulfur cross links that add strength to connective tissue proteins.
PABA helps in the utilization of pantothenic acid, is important for healthy skin and hair pigment, has been used, together with biotin, folic acid, pantothenic acid, and sometimes vitamin E, to restore hair, assists in the formation of red blood cells, acts as a co-enzyme in the metabolism and utilization of protein and also helps maintain intestinal flora.
Saw Palmetto Berries
Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens or Sabal serrulata) is a dwarf palm plant native to North America, growing primarily along the Atlantic coast in Georgia and Florida. The active ingredients are believed to be found in the plant's brown-black berries, which are frequently used as an herbal remedy for hair loss.
Silica is necessary to maintain the strength of connective tissue such as tendons and ligaments, is required in cartilage formation and also improves the quality and appearance of coat and hair.